Common Name: Sarala, Chir
English Name: Long Lived Indian Pine, Chir Pine
Botanical Name: Pinus roxburghii
Description: In India it is found in Himachal Pradesh and Kashmir. Bark dark red-brown, thick, deeply and longitudinally fissured, scaly; winter buds brown, small, ovoid, not resinous. Leaves 3 per bundle, slender, flabellate-triangular in cross section, 20-30 cm × 1.5 mm, resin canals 2, median, base with persistent sheath 2-3 cm long.
Chemical Constituents: Friedelin, ceryl alcohol and β-sitostertol were isolated from bark of P. roxburghii. Longifolene was isolated from leaves. Xylem resin was reported to contain α-pinene, β-pinene, car-3-ene, abietic Acid and Isopimaric Acid.
Properties: Plant is sweet, bitter, pungent, heating, oleaginous, intestinal antiseptic, antidyslipidemic and antioxidant and is used in diseases of eye, ear, throat, blood and skin, bronchitis and also anti-inflammatory and analgesic.
Used in the following MATXIN products: