Common Name: Sahijan, Sigru
English Name: Horse radish Tree, Drum stick Tree
Botanical Name: Moringa pterygosperma Gaertn.
Description: This is a pretty tree, the delicate tracery of its much-divided leaves giving it an airy, graceful appearance. It is very common in southern India. The fruit starts as a pinkish, twisted tube and takes about three months to attain its full length of anything up to 20 inches, when it is bright green and ridged and contains many winged seeds. This extraordinary pod gives the tree its name of drumstick.
Chemical Constituents: It is reported to contain alkaloids, flavonoids, anthocyanins, proanthocyanidins and cinnamates.
Properties: The root juice is applied externally as rubefacient or counter irritant, in hiccups, lumbago, enlarged spleen or liver. Bark, leaves and roots are acrid and pungent, taken to promote digestion. A reddish gum exuded from the bark possess anti diarrhoeal, emmenagogue, antiscorbic and abortifacient properties. It acts as carminative and stimulant in nervous debility, paralytic afflictions, epilepsy and hysteria. Not only this, moringa is glorified as a ‘traditional mother care plant’, for the leaves are highly nutritious for pregnant women [
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