Common Name: Gular
English Name: Cluster fig, Indian Fig
Botanical Name: Ficus racemosa Linn.
Description: is an evergreen, moderate to large sized spreading, lactiferous, deciduous tree, without much prominent aerial roots found throughout greater part of India in moist localities and is often cultivated in villages for its edible fruit. It is seen dwelling in areas up to 1200 m altitude on hilltop. This requires well-drained, medium to heavy soils for its successful cultivation and comes up in all kinds of soils except in water logged and clay soil. The plant is propagated by using cuttings of stem and root suckers. Seeds can also be used for propagation. The flowers are pollinated by very small wasps. It has evergreen leaves, if it is close to a water source.
Chemical Constituents: The stem bark showed the presence of two leucoanthocyanins: leucocyanidin-3- O-β-glucopyranoside, leucopelarogonidin-3-O-α-Lrhamnopyranoside, β-sitosterol, unidentified long chain ketone, ceryl behenate, lupeol, its acetate, α- amyrin acetate. From trunk bark, lupeol, β-sitosterol and stigmasterol were isolated. Fruit of Ficua racemosa Linn. contains glauanol, hentriacontane, β-sitosterol, gluanol acetate, glucose, tiglic acid, and esters of taraxasterol, lupeol acetate, friedelin, higher hydrocarbons and other phytosterol.
Properties: It has antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory activity. Fennel is often used for colic, wind, irritable bowel, kidneys, spleen, liver, lungs, suppressing appetite, promoting menstruation, improving digestive system, milk flow and increasing urine flow. Fennel is also commonly used to treat amenhorrea, angina, asthma, anxiety, depression, heartburn, water retention, lower blood pressure, boost libido, respiratory congestion and cough.
Used in the following MATXIN product: